Senator Higgins’s motion will be the first opportunity for debate on CETA and it comes at close to the last minute as the Government intends to sign this agreement at the next meeting of the Council of Ministers on October 19th. The motion is receiving strong support from both Sinn Fein and Labour as well as many independents, including members of Senator Higgins’s own Civil Engagement Group.
CETA is sometimes known as the ‘Canadian TTIP’, because of its similarity to the better known TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) between the US and the EU, which now seems almost certain to fall following huge pressure from unions, environmental and health groups and citizens on both sides of the Atlantic.1
Both are part of a ‘new generation’ of trade deals, radically different from previous trade agreements, notably in their introduction of special powers for corporations to sue governments and influence public regulation.
Senator Higgins stated “Make no mistake, this is not business as usual. CETA has been described the EU trade commissioner, Cecelia Malmstrom, as “the most ambitious trade agreement that the EU has ever concluded”. It is an absolute game changer with the potential to affect our public services, environment and policy decisions in a way we have not seen before.” 2
Senator Higgins has previously argued in the Seanad that provisional application of the agreement would be unconstitutional under article 29.5.2 which states that “the state shall not be bound by any international agreement involving a charge upon public funds unless the Speaking in terms of the agreement shall have been approved by Dáil Éireann”.
Speaking in the Seanad at that time she said, “Let us be clear in that CETA will involve a charge on public funds. It would bring into effect for the first time in Ireland investor-state dispute settlement courts, which could allow corporations to sue the State for the potential loss, not only of present profits, but of future ones. In other countries where such courts already operate, many of the settlements sought have run into billions in national currency. The ultimate blank cheque.”
Speaking about this week’s motion, Senator Higgins noted “There is a worrying lack of agreement and clarity about what ‘provisional application’ actually means and I don’t believe the Government are in a position to assure the public that it will not open Ireland up to investor state dispute settlements and corporate claims.”
“The European Court of Justice is currently examining the EU-Singapore free trade agreement (another new generation deal) and will produce a ruling in 2017. The Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation, Mary Mitchell-O’Connor has acknowledged that “the outcome of this case will impact on the scope of provisional application in the case of CETA.” So effectively, the Government are planning to sign up to ‘provisional application’ in October and find out what it means the following spring. This is reckless behaviour.”
Other concerns which Senator Higgins highlights in her motion include the lack of appropriate impact assessment, the fact that the ‘precautionary principle’, a keystone of European regulatory practice is not mentioned even once in CETA’s 1,598 pages, and the absence of public consultation.
Continuing, Senator Higgins noted “There has been widespread opposition to both CETA and TTIP across Europe, with many concerned about the ramifications of the agreements on workers’ rights, environmental, health and food standards. In Ireland, a recent poll commissioned by the civil society group Uplift showed that 74% of Irish people across all regions and income brackets want a referendum to be held on both TTIP and CETA with 81% of farmers describing themselves as ‘concerned’3. It shows an extraordinary disregard for such concern that the Government would plough ahead with ‘provisional application’ without either public or Oireachtas consultation. There are also concerns that the ‘provisional application’ process might even bypass the European Parliament which has previously expressed strong concerns.”
Some of the strongest opposition to CETA has come from local level with Clare County Council, Cork City Council and Dublin County Council all declaring themselves “CETA/TTIP free zones”. Other vocal opposition to CETA has come from Friends of the Earth, Comhlámh, Trocaire, small food producers and chefs and the Irish Congress of Trade Unions4. ICTU will be hosting their own briefing on CETA in advance of this week’s motion.
Concluding, Senator Higgins stated “I am calling on all Senators to support this motion and I hope that we can give the Government a mandate to step back and reconsider its current approach on this important issue.”
Notes to Editor
1 “In Michigan, Hillary Clinton Promises To Oppose TPP As President”: http://www.breitbart.com/2016-presidential-race/2016/08/11/michigan-hillary-clinton-promises-oppose-tpp-president/. Presidential Candidate Hilary Clinton, former a champion of the new generation trade deals, has now changed her view, stating recently, in Michigan , that “it is true that too often past trade deals have been sold to the American people with rosy scenarios which failed to pan out. Those promises now ring hollow”.
4 NO DEAL: Why Unions Oppose TTIP & CETA Briefing on the Transatlantic Trade & Investment Partnership (TTIP) & Canada Europe Trade Agreement (CETA) http://www.ictu.ie/download/pdf/no_deal.pdf